The Chair’s research program (2019-2021) is structured around two main areas:
- Axis 1. Residential environments, power to act, social and socio-territorial capital
- Axis 2. Front-line services and equity
Axis 1. Residential environments, power to act, social and socio-territorial capital
In order to change the social determinants of health that cause inequalities, it is important to act in the residential environments (home and neighbourhood) of people living in socioeconomic disadvantage.
In order for these environments to become promoters of health and equity, they must provide a healthy living environment (e. g. air quality, safety) and enable residents to:
- to exercise power over their living environment so that it meets their needs and aspirations;
- to develop different forms of capital, including relationships with neighbours, stakeholders and decision-makers (social capital) as well as local resources (socio-territorial capital) that can help them achieve the objectives they have set for themselves.
Few effective methods are known to achieve this: people in socio-economic disadvantage are mainly studied in terms of deficits and described as “hard to reach” and “unmotivated”.
Axis 1 will bring together community-based participatory research to develop and evaluate innovative and effective methods to address this problem.
The Chair will provide an opportunity to share the results of this work with colleagues working on the same themes.
Together, we will identify the common factors that drive the effectiveness of our interventions, produce a theory of change and develop an intervention that can be adapted to different contexts. Grant applications will be submitted to evaluate their implementation, effectiveness and scale-up in a variety of environments.
Axis 2. Front-line services and equity
Universal health services contribute to the production and reproduction of social inequalities because the better-off people use them more and adhere to them more than people in socio-economic disadvantage.
In order to make services more equitable, it is essential to reduce the institutional distance between the people who develop and deliver them and the vulnerable populations who receive them.
This axis will bring together studies that mobilize the experiential knowledge of people who are poorly or poorly served by primary services in the development, implementation and evaluation of these services. This will make it possible to target improvements for greater equity.